This year’s Nobel of medicine went to to Shinya Yamanaka from Japan and Sir John B Gordon from Britain for their work on adult stem cells.
Sir Gordon proved adult mature cells can be made into immature cells in 1962. In a simple experiment,t he removed the nucleus of a mature frog cell and inoculated into an immature egg which was able to develop into a complete tadpole.
Dr. Yamanka, 40 years later, was able to insert few genes into mature cells and make them into a pluripotent stem cell which is able to develop into any type of specialized adult cell.
To read more about the 2 laureates, their work and their institutions please visit,