MERETI Publications

Scholarly Articles


  1. Alahmad G, Dierickx K. Confidentiality, informed consent, and child participation in research involving stored tissue samples: Interviews with professionals from the Middle East. Accepted: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics. 2015.
  2. Alahmad G, Abbasi, B., HAfnawi T, Dierickx K. Attitudes toward medical and genetic confidentiality in the Saudi research biobank: an exploratory survey‏. Accepted. International Journal of Medical Information.
  3. Mansour H, Zaki N, Abdelhai R, Sabry N, Silverman H, El-Kamary SS. Investigating the Informed Consent Process, Therapeutic Misconception, and Motivations of Egyptians to Enroll in Research. Accepted: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal.


  1. Al-Hussaini M, Abdu-Hmaidan A. Use of human surplus biospecimens in research: a survey from a cancer centre. EMHJ Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2014; 20 (6): 378-84.
  2. Abdelhai R, Hussein MH, Silverman H.  Implementing a Post-Graduate Course on Medical Research Ethics; results of a pilot study from Cairo University. International Public Health Forum. 2014; 1; 1.
  3. Williams JR, Sprumont D, Hirtle M, Adebamowo C, Braunschweiger P, Bull S, Burri C, Czarkowski M, Fan CT, Franck C, Gefenas E, Geissbuhler A, Klingmann I, Kouyaté B, Kraehenbhul JP, Kruger M, Moodley K, Ntoumi F, Nyirenda T, Pym A, Silverman H, Tenorio S.  Consensus standards for introductory e-learning courses in human participants research ethics. J Med Ethics. 2014; 40(6): 426-8.
  4. Edwards HA, Hifnawy T, Silverman H. Enhancing Research Ethics Review Systems in Egypt: The Focus of an International Training Program Informed by an Ecological Developmental Approach to Enhancing Research Ethics Capacity. Dev World Bioeth. 2014 Jun 3; doi: 10.1111/dewb.12062.
  5. Matar A, Garner S, Millum J, Sina B, Silverman H.  Curricular aspects of the Fogarty bioethics international training programs. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2014; 9(2): 12-23.
  6. Silverman H, Sleem H, Moodley K, Kumar N, Naidoo S, Subramanian T, Jaafar R, Moni M.  Results of a self-assessment tool to assess the operational characteristics of research ethics committees in low- and middle-income countries. J Med Ethics. 2014 Apr 19; doi: 10.1136/medethics-2013-101587.
  7. Al-Amad S, Awad M, Silverman HAttitudes of dental patients towards participation in research. East Mediterr Health J. 2014; 20(2): 90.
  8. Marzouk D, Abd El Aal W, Saleh A, Sleem H, Khyatti M, Mazini L, Hemminki K, Anwar WA, et al. Overview on health research ethics in Egypt and North Africa. Eur J Public Health. 2014; 24(Suppl 1): 87-91.
  1. Alahmad G, Dierickx K. Confidentiality, informed consent and children’s participation in the Saudi biobank governance: a comparative study. EMHJ Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2014; 20 (11).
  2. Alahmad G, Dierickx K. Access policy of Saudi Biobank. International Journal of Research in Health Sciences. 2014; 2(4).


  1. Silverman H, Strosberg M, Luna F, Philpott S, Hemmerle CA. An analysis of online courses in research ethics in the Fogarty-sponsored bioethics training programs. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2013; 8(5): 59-74.
  2. Silverman H, Edwards H, Shamoo A, Matar A.  Enhancing research ethics capacity in the Middle East: experience and challenges of a Fogarty-sponsored training program. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2013; 8(5): 40-51.
  3. Abou Zeina HA, El Nouman AA, Zayed MA, Hifnawy T, El Shabrawy EM,  El Tahlawy E. Patients’ Rights. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal. 2013; 8(3): 46-52.
  4. Abdel-Aal W, Ghaffar EA, El Shabrawy O. Review of the Medical Research Ethics Committee (MREC), National Research Center of Egypt, 2003-2011. Curr Med Res Opin. 2013; 29(10):1411-7.
  5. Matar, A, & Silverman, H. Perspectives of Egyptian Research Ethics Committees Regarding Their Effective Functioning. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal. 2013; 8(1): 32-44.
  6. Alahmad, G, Dierickx, K. Pediatric research ethics: Islamic Perspectives. British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research 2013; 5(9).


  1. Abdelhai R, Yassin S, Ahmad M, Gors UGH. An e-learning reproductive health module to support improved student learning and interaction: a prospective interventional study at a medical school in Egypt. BMC Medical Education. 2012; 12:11.
  2. Wazaify M, Nabulsi J, Al-Khateeb W, Silverman HJAn Unrecognized Problem? Health Science Students’ Awareness of and Attitudes towards Clinical Research and Biothics – An Experience from Jordan. Jordan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2012; 5(2).
  3. Alahmad G, Dierickx K. What do Islamic institutional fatwas say about medical and research confidentiality and breach of confidentiality? Dev World Bioeth. 2012; 12(2):104-12.
  4. Alahmad G, Al-Jumah M, Dierickx K.  Review of national research ethics regulations and guidelines in Middle Eastern Arab countries, BMC Medical Ethics 2012, 13:34 doi:10.1186/1472-6939-13-34.


  1. Kandeel N, El-Nemer A, Ali NM, Kassem H, El-Setouhy M, Elgharieb ME, Darwish M, Awadalla NJ, Moni M, Silverman HJ.  A multicenter study of the awareness and attitudes of Egyptian faculty towards research ethics: a pilot study. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2011; 6(4): 99-108.
  2. El-Dessouky HF, Abdel-Aziz AM, Ibrahim C, Moni M, Abul Fadl R, Silverman H. Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes about Research Ethics among Dental Faculty in the Middle East: A Pilot Study. Int J Dent. 2011; 694759.
  3. Al-Riyami A, Jaju D, Jaju S, Silverman HJ. The adequacy of informed consent forms in genetic research in Oman: a pilot study. Dev World Bioeth. 2011; 11(2): 57-62.


  1. Sleem H, Adelhai R, Al-Abdallat I, Al-Naif M, Gabr H, Kehil ET, Sadiq B, Yousri R, Elsayed D, Sulaiman S, Silverman HDevelopment of an Accessible Self-Assessment Tool for Research Ethics Committees in Developing Countries.  JERHRE. 2010; 6:85-96.
  2. Sleem H, El-Kamary S, Silverman HIdentifying Structures, Processes, Resources and Needs of Research Ethics Committees in Egypt. BMC Medical Ethics. 2010; 28(11):12.
  3. Abou-Zeid A, Silverman HJ, Shehata M, Shams M, Elshabrawy M, Hifnawy T, Rahman SA, Galal B, Sleem H, Mikhail N, Moharram N. Collection, Storage, and Use of Blood Samples for Future Research: Views of Egyptian Patients Expressed in a Cross-Sectional Survey.  J Med Ethics. 2010; 36:539-547.
  4. Zhang X, Matsui K, Krohmal B, Abou Zeid A, Muthuswamy V, Mo Koo Y, Kita Y, Lie RK. Attitudes towards transfers of human tissue samples across borders: An international survey of researchers and policy makers in five countries. BMC Medical Ethics. 2010; 11:16.
  5. Matar A, Garner S, Millum J, Sina B, Silverman H. Curricular aspects of the Fogarty bioethics international training programs. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2014. 9(2):12-23.


  1. Abou-Zeid A, Afzal M, Silverman H. Capacity Mapping of the National Bioethics Committees in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. BMC Med Ethics. 2009; 10:8.
  2. Silverman H, Ahmed B, Ajeilet S, Al-Fadil S, Al-Amad S, El-Dessouky H, El-Gendy I, El-Guindi M, El-Nimeiri M, Muzaffar R, Saleh A. Curriculum guide for research ethics workshops for countries in the Middle East. Dev World Bioeth. 2010; 10(2):70-7.
  3. Kassem HS, Rab F, Abou Zeid A, Silverman H. Beyond research ethics committees: acceptance by investigators and involvement of the community. Middle East Fertility Society Journal. 2009; 14:1.
  4. Wazaify M, Khalil SS, Silverman HJExpression of therapeutic misconception amongst Egyptians: A qualitative pilot study. BMC Med Ethics. 2009; 10:7.
  5. Matsui K, Abou-Zeid A, Zhang Xinqing, Krohmal B, Muthuswamy V, Mo-Koo Y, Wendler D, Chao J, Kita Y, Lie R. Informed Consent to Future Research on Stored Tissue Samples: the Views of Researchers, Ethics Review Committee Members and Policy Makers in Five Non-Western Countries. Asian Bioethics Review. 2009; 1:401-416.
  6. Afifi, R. Is research ethics committee approval necessary for publication of prospective surgical research studies? International Journal of Surgery. 2009; doi:10.1016/j.ijsu.2009.04.008.


  1. Abdur Rab M, Afzal M, Abou-Zeid A, Silverman HEthical practices for health research in the Eastern Mediterranean region of the World Health Organization: a retrospective data analysis. PLoS ONE. 2008; 3(5):e2094.
  2. Kennedy A, Khoja TAM, Abou-Zeid AH, et al. National Health Research System Mapping in 10 Eastern Mediterranean Countries Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2008; 3:1403.


  1. Khalil S, Silverman H, Raafat M, El-Kamary S, El-Setouhy M.  Attitudes, understanding, and concerns regarding medical research amongst Egyptians: A qualitative pilot study.  BMC Medical Ethics. 2007; 8:9.
  2. Ramahi I, Silverman HJClinical Research Law In Jordan: An Ethical Analysis. Developing World Bioethics. 2007; 9(1):26-33.


  1. Afifi, R. Biomedical Research Ethics. An Islamic View. Part I, International Journal of Surgery. 2006.
  2. Afifi, R. Biomedical Research Ethics. An Islamic View. Part II, International Journal of Surgery. 2006.
  3. Silverman, HJ, Afifi R, El-Setouhy M, El-Kamary SS, Hamouda S, Hassan M, Kandeel N, Kassem H, Mostafa N, Nahkla I, Lashin S, Rashad A, Shamoo A, Wachbroit R, Wasserman D. Enhancing Research Ethics Committees In Egypt. Guidelines for Standard Operating Procedures. The Monitor. 2006; 20:49.


Books and Book Chapters


  1. Abdel-Aal, Wafaa. (2014) Medical Research Ethics : Guidelines and How to Apply in Egypt. Academy of Science and Technology of Egypt.
  2. Alahmad, G. (2014). Syrian Arab Rep. In Handbook of Global Bioethics (pp. 1559-1572). Springer Netherlands.
  1. Alahmad, G. (2014). Testing: Testing: Premarital. In Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics. edited by Henk ten Have.
  1. Silverman, HJ, Sleem H. (2014) A self-assessment tool to assess operational characteristics of research ethics committees in developing countries. In: Research Ethics in Africa. A Resource for Research Ethics Committees. (eds) Kruger M, Ndebele P, Horn L. Sun Press, South Africa.
  2. Horn L, Sleem H, Ndebele P.  (2014) Research vulnerability. In: Research Ethics in Africa. A Resource for Research Ethics Committees. (eds) Kruger M, Ndebele P, Horn L. Sun Press, South Africa.

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